Ragam Langgam Aksara Jawa dari Manuskrip hingga Buku Cetak

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Aditya Bayu Perdana

Abstract

Abstract: In its contemporary usage, the Javanese script is often introduced through a few serviceable yet unvaried typefaces which give an impression of monotony and lack of style capable of carrying various design expressions. This current state of style deficiency is unfortunate because a cursory survey on the history of the Javanese script up to the 20th century reveals a rich tradition of calligraphic and typographic styles. Throughout the island, many scribes used regional stylistic variations, sometimes with striking differences and unique quirks no longer seen in today’s writing. The introduction of printing and metal typefaced also brought western typographic practice into the design of the Javanese script, creating a unique design environment where Javanese and European traditions mingled. This paper would introduce the varied styles of the Javanese script in manuscripts and printed books from the 16th ce to the mid 20th ce in the hopes that it will enrich the contemporary use of the Javanese script.


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Abstrak: Dalam penggunaan terkini, aksara Jawa kerap diperkenalkan melalui sejumlah typefaces yang memadai namun sayangnya tidak bervariasi, sehingga contoh-contoh kontempora seringkali memberi kesan monoton dan kekurangan gaya yang mampu menyampaikan berbagai ekspresi desain. Hal ini sangat disayangkan karena napak tilas sejarah aksara Jawa hingga abad ke 20 menunjukkan tradisi kaligrafis dan tipografis yang sangat kaya. Di seantero pulau, juru tulis di berbagai daerah menggunakan variasi gayanya masing-masing. Terkadang dengan berbedaan yang sangat mencolok atau kekhasan tulis tidak lagi terlihat dalam penulisan masa kini. Kedatangan teknologi cetak dan metal typeface juga turut memperkenalkan aspek tipografis barat ke dalam desain aksara Jawa, hingga terciptalah suatu ranah desain yang unik dari persilangan tradisi tulis Jawa dan tipograf barat. Tulisan ini akan memberikan uraian singkat mengenai ragam langgam aksara Jawa pada naskah tulisan tangan dan cetak antar abad 16 M hingga 20 M awal sebagai perkenalan awal yang dapat memperkaya penerapan aksara Jawa di abad 21 M.

Article Details

How to Cite
PERDANA, Aditya Bayu. Ragam Langgam Aksara Jawa dari Manuskrip hingga Buku Cetak. Manuskripta, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 1-28, aug. 2020. ISSN 2355-7605. Available at: <http://journal.perpusnas.go.id/index.php/manuskripta/article/view/140>. Date accessed: 25 nov. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.33656/manuskripta.v10i1.140.
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Articles

References

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Website:
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